If you are thinking of traveling to Mexico City, Mexico, you are in the right place. Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and is one of the highest capitals in the world with an altitude of 2250 m. Mexico City is a city full of cultural and almost overflowing museums. While the Anthropology Museum in the city is one of the most famous museums in the world, it is one of the cities that are enjoyable to visit with its historical area included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Many historical sites that hosted the Aztec Civilization and relics in museums, religious centers, all shopping places from street markets to big shopping centers; The city will introduce itself to you quite well with its most popular sport, football, and its famous drink, tequila.
Let us remind you that you should be careful as a tourist, as the crime rate is high in the city, which is quite crowded, and let us also mention that transportation in the city is developed and necessary for places to visit in Mexico City.
Where is Mexico City?
Let us share with you some of the things you need to know when traveling to Mexico city. Mexico’s capital, Mexico City, is also the capital of the Mexican Federal Territory and is the country’s largest city. It is located in the old bed of Lake Texcoco (Tenochtitlan) and lies the Teotihuacan region to the northwest.
When to go to Mexico?
The city attracts tourists in all seasons and can be visited. December and January are the coldest months, and precipitation increases with temperatures in the June-September period. We can say that the ideal time for a touristic trip is April and May.
Places To Visit In Mexico?
The city is divided into several regions and consists of four or five regions, mainly the Zocalo. Condesa Region, Polanco, Rome are other region names. There are many places to visit in Mexico City, especially museums, and transportation is easily provided by metro, metrobus, bus or taxi.
Historic Square – Historic Center/ Zocalo Square (Royal Square)
It is the central region. It is known as the Zocalo Square and is one of the places in the UNESCO World Heritage List as a historical square.
There are many historical artifacts from the Spanish colonial period in the square. The Metropolitan Cathedral, which dates back to the Aztecs, a civilization with 8000 years of history, is also located in this square. At the same time, the National Palace, the Presidential Palace, is located in this square in a magnificent way.
The big square, where the Aztecs built the city, is one of the busiest and most active areas of Mexico City.
Metropolitan Cathedral – La Catedral
It is a religious place that can appear in the historical square Zocalo Square, which is famous for its Baroque architecture. The cathedral was built between 1573-1813 and is one of the religious places to be seen in the city. Especially the Negro Jesus Statue is a remarkable structure in the Cathedral.
It is located in the square you reach when you get off at Zocalo station by using the metro for transportation.
Address: Plaza de la Constitución S/N, Centro, Cuauhtémoc, 06000 Ciudad de México
Royal Palace (Presidential Palace)
Located in Zocalo Square, which is the most touristic place, the palace is one of the structures to be seen in the square with its long and remarkable architecture.
The palace, which has a wide facade, is also very eye-catching with its interior architecture and decoration. Do not pass without examining the unique murals of Diego Riviera on its walls.
Address: Plaza de la Constitución S/N, Centro, Cuauhtémoc, 06010 Ciudad de México
National Museum of Anthropology
It is the largest anthropology museum in the world. It contains many important structures such as Diego Riviera’s murals, Aztec calendar, historical artifacts from the Maya Civilization. At the same time, the museum houses a giant model of the city of Tenochtitlán. It is one of the must-visit museums in the city.
For transportation, it will be convenient to use the metro and get off at the Auditorio station.
Address: Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City
The hill, which was named by the Aztecs as ‘Grace Hill’, is one of the green areas with plenty of oxygen. While adding beauty to the city with a pool in the middle and the architectural beauty of the buildings, it is also a source of oxygen to the city with its greenery.
The zoo and several museums are located in Chapultepec park, and Chapultepec Castle stands out majestically from the greenery. The world-famous Anthropology Museum, which we mentioned earlier in the list of places to visit in Mexico City, is also located in this park.
The most ideal way of transportation may be to use the metro and get off at Chapultepec station.
Address: Bosque de Chapultepec, Mexico City
Templo Mayor Museum (Great Temple)- Teotihuacan
The region, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, contains the remains of the Aztec pyramids. The positions of the city structures consisting of the Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, Temple of Quetzalcoatl and other temples in the Teotihuacan region, 50 km from Mexico City, are arranged in such a way that the Orion Constellation is the reflection on the ground.
Access to the area may not be possible during a Mexico City tour. For this reason, the Temple Mayor Museum may be a suitable choice for you to experience this atmosphere as the museum where the Aztec pyramid ruins are located.
The museum is located in the Zocalo Square area and is easily accessible by metro.
Address: Plaza de la Constitucion, Mexico City
Mexican Palace of Fine Arts Museum- (Palace of Fine Arts)
It is the most important opera and theater building in the city. It is a place that offers an artistically pleasing atmosphere as well as having a pleasant architectural structure.
The palace museum, where you can see the works of world famous wall painters such as diego rivera, rufino tamayo, david alfaro siqueiros, and de jose clemente orozco, is free on Sundays.
For transportation, it is best to get off at Bellas Artes station by using the metro.
Address: Avenida Juárez, corner of Eje Central Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexico City
Xochimilco Canal Tour
The region known as the Venice of Mexico, which is on the UNESCO Cultural Heritage List, is famous for its canals and artificial islets.
It is located in the south of the city and is one of the touristic places. You should definitely see the “chinampas” houseboats cruising between the canals in Xochimilco, and you should not mind the cute boat traffic and return without taking your canal tour.
Paseo de la Reforma – Angel of Independence
It is an angel-shaped structure built on a high tower that has become the symbol of the city.
It is known that the El Ángel de la Independencia Monument, built in 1910, symbolizes concepts such as peace and justice.
For transportation, you need to use the metro and get off at Sevilla station. It is free to enter the area it is in.
Address: Paseo de la Reforma y Eje 2 PTE, Juárez, Cuauhtémoc, Ciudad de México
Basilica of Notre Dame de Guadalupe
It is the most important religious center of the city. The newly built structure is the most visited church after the Vatican. It has a total of 17 million visitors per year. Ceremonies are held on 12 December every year and thousands of people attend these ceremonies.
For transportation, it would be convenient to use the metro and get off at La Villa–Basílica station. Or you can use the buses that pass from the Zocalo Square to the Basilica.
Address: Plaza de las Américas 1, Mexico City
It is the interesting square of Mexico City. In this area unique to the city, music almost lives. Many musicians will be waiting for you in Garibaldi Square and will present their music to you in a way that corresponds to the money you pay. This different operation, in which the size of the orchestra depends entirely on you, will certainly attract your attention.
For transportation, it will be sufficient to use the metro and get off at the Garibaldi station.
Address: cnr Eje Central Lázaro Cárdenas & República de Honduras
Transportation In Mexico City
When you travel to Mexico city, you should also know how to get there. Buses are a cheap and convenient transportation option. Metrobuses and Metros are the most common mode of transportation. There are 12 lines for the metro and it is the fastest transportation alternative.
You have to be very careful in this city in transportation by taxi. Do not think of choosing any taxi on the street for taxis, which you can choose from taxi stands or by calling certain taxi companies as another transportation alternative. It is useful to use public transport at night for your safety in the city, which is famous for taxi robberies.
Two taxi companies known to you; We can say Taksimex and Servitaxis.
EcoBici is the system that provides transportation in the city by bicycle. It has 275 Stations and is free to use for up to 45 minutes.
In addition, ADO and ETN are among the transportation options in Mexico City for intercity transportation.
Transportation from the Airport to the City Center Benito Juarez International Airport is located in the eastern part of the city and offers many options for transportation to the city center. You can step into the center in many ways such as metro, metrobus, shuttle services, taxis and car rental. The airport is 12 km from the center and you can reach the city center in about half an hour.
You can reach the city center easily and quickly with Metrobus Line 4 or Metro Line 5 (yellow).
If you choose to travel by taxi, you should be careful, you should prefer licensed taxis in the city that has the largest taxi fleet in the world, with approximately 60 thousand taxis a day.
Your trip to Mexico city continues, if you can’t decide what to eat, then it’s time to talk about what to eat in Mexico city. Mexico City has a rich culture in terms of street food. There are always plenty of places ready to eat and snack. Mexican cuisine is a popular option among world cuisines, and you can easily find many international cuisine restaurants in Mexico City.
Restaurants with Cantina inscription can be preferred, and Pescado a la Veracruzana, which is a fish dish, and tortillas, a thin-round phyllo dough, can be tried. The most famous dish made from Tortilla is Taco. Also, Cochinita Pibil made with pork and Achiote and Pozole soups made with pork and chicken are famous in the city.
Tip– Tipping is a very important point in Mexico. A tip is expected for almost every service. While an amount of 15% of the account is expected in restaurants, it will be expected to leave a tip of 10-20 pesos for service personnel or toilets. You can also give it in dollars if you wish.
Shopping in Mexico City
Wouldn’t you like to beautify your Mexico city trip with shopping? There are many street markets in Mexico City. You can find Mexican wooden handicrafts and jewelry in the markets. There are also many iconic souvenirs reminiscent of the Caribbean. You can notice many street markets with different names such as Merced and Sonora and buy Habanero, which is famous in Mexico. The Roman district is another suitable area for Sunday shopping.
The city is quite full of shopping mall lovers rather than street markets. In the city, which is home to many large shopping centers such as Polanco, Altavista, Condesa, Centro Historico, Reforma 222, you can find the brand products and souvenirs you want.
Mexico City Nightlife
Mexico City is one of the cities where nightlife is colorful and vibrant. There are many places that stay alive until late in the city where nightclub tours are organized. In nightclubs, where Spanish and English songs create the musical culture, rock and electronic styles are common. Caribbean music and live music venues abound.
Garibaldi Square is an indispensable point in terms of music, as well as one of the most crowded spots in nightlife. The area called Condesa is also one of the areas where nightlife is intense. Tequila is the most famous drink. . It is a Mexican beverage obtained by grinding the root of a plant called agave and then passing it through combustion and fermentation processes. Corona brand beers are also very popular. When you travel to Mexico city, do not leave without tasting the nightlife!
Mexico City Festivals
- Mexico City International Film Festival – February
- Festival of Drumming and African Culture – March
- Mexico Festival
- Spring Night Festival
- Africala – African Film Festival – April
- Historic Center Festival of Mexico City Mexico City Fashion Week
- Ollin Blood Festival
- ZONAmaco – Mexican Contemporary Art Fair
- Vive Latino Rock Festival – May
- International Music and Theater Festival – June
- Fiestas Patrias – September
- Independence Day in Mexico
Mexico City Public Holidays
- January 1 – New Year
- February 5 – Constitution Day
- 21 March – Benito Juarez Day
- April 5-6 – Easter (Changes every year)
- May 1 – Labor Day
- May 5 – Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla
- September 16 – Mexican Independence Day
- November 2 – Day of the Dead
- November 20 – Anniversary of the Mexican Revolution
- December 25 – Christmas
Mexico City Useful Information
- Police – 066
- Fire Brigade – 068
- Ambulance – 065