If you are thinking of traveling to Vatican City, Vatican, you are in the right place. The Vatican is the center of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1929, it declared its independence with the approval of Mussolini, as a continuation of the Papal State, which had existed for hundreds of years.
Where Is Vatican City?
Let us share with you some of the things you need to know when traveling to Vatican City. Vatican City is a state within a state, spread over an area of approximately 44,000 square meters in Rome, Italy. In this respect, it has the distinction of being the smallest country in the world. The city, built on the Vatican Hill, is surrounded by walls.
When To Go To Vatican City?
You can visit the Vatican during your visit to Rome. Italy has a milder climate than Europe. Therefore, visiting the city will be enjoyable in any season.
Trip To Vatican City
The Sistine Chapel is one of the most famous buildings in the Vatican. Made by Pope IV. It was completed in 1477 during the reign of Sixtus. The Sistine Chapel was named after Pope IV. From Sixtus. Papal elections have been held here since its inception. The Sistine Chapel, designed by Baccio Pontelli and Giovanni de Dolci, is one of the best examples of the Renaissance.
The most important feature of the building is the ceiling decorations that Michelangelo completed in four years. Many stories are depicted in these frescoes. The most famous of these are “The Creation of Adam” and “Judgment Day”.
These frescoes made by Michelangelo were restored between 1984-94. These works, which were known to be quite dark before, were revealed to be the result of layers of dirt for many years, and at the end of the restoration, the frescoes became brand new with their brightness.
The architectural features of the Sistine Chapel were shaped according to the Temple of Solomon described in the Bible. The structure covered with a barrel vault is 40.93 meters long, 13.41 meters wide and 20.70 meters high.
Vatican City Museums
Pope II. It was founded by Julius in the early 16th century. The Vatican Museums house one of the largest art collections in the world. In the exhibition area consisting of 7 kilometers of halls and corridors; There are Egyptian mummies, Etruria bronze ancient busts, works from old masters and modern art. Vatican Museums consist of many sections;
Pio-Clementine Museum (Museo Pio-Clementino)
Pope XIV. It was founded by Clement in 1771. This museum, where Renaissance and ancient artifacts were exhibited, was built by Pope VI. It was enlarged by Pius. There are 54 galleries in total here, including the Sistine Chapel. The Sistine Chapel can be entered with an award after visiting 53 other galleries.
Pope VII. It was founded in the early 19th century by Pius Chiaramonti. The museum consists of large arched galleries displaying statues, sarcophagi and friezes. The New Wing and Braccio Nuovo, built by Raphael Stern, display important sculptures such as the Prima Portal Augustus, Doryphorus and The River Nile. There are more than 3,000 tablets and inscriptions in the Lapidaria Gallery, another part of the Chiaramonti Museum.
This gallery is the largest of its kind. However, this section can only be entered with special permission for academics.
Gregorian Etruscan Museum
Pope XVI. It was founded by Gregory in 1836. The museum, which consists of eight galleries, is home to artifacts found in Etruria archaeological excavations. It contains; vases, sarcophagi, bronze artifacts and the Guglielmi Collection.
Gregorian Egyptian Museum
Pope XVI. It was founded by Gregory in 1839. The museum houses a large collection of Ancient Egypt. The Grassi Collection, animal mummies and a reproduction of the famous Book of the Dead are housed here.
Vatican History Museum
Vatican History Museum Pope VI. It was founded by Paul in 1973. The museum, which was first built under the Square Garden, was later moved to the main floor of the Lateran and reopened in March 1991. The Vatican History Museum has portraits of all popes since the 16th century. The costumes worn by the army and the clergy are also exhibited here. Downstairs is the collection of cars used by the popes to this day.
St. Peter’s Square
St. Peter’s Square is one of the biggest symbols of the Vatican. Pope VII between 1656-67. It was made by Gian Lorenzo Bernini under the leadership of Alexander. The entrance gates of the Vatican open to this square. An Egyptian obelisk rises in the middle of the square. This obelisk was erected some 100 years before Bernini designed the square. The square was built to enable the pope to address a large audience from a single point.
St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest structures forming the silhouette of Rome with its dome. Architecturally it is a late Renaissance church. Many masters such as Donato Bramenta, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenze Bernini contributed to the design. Art, as it is known in the Renaissance period, was in the hands of the church. The more the artists liked the church, the more fame and money they could have.
Therefore, the Papal history is very rich in artistic terms. The building is one of the two largest churches in the world in Renaissance architecture.
St. Peter’s Basilica was consecrated and opened for worship on November 18, 1626, and is rumored to be located on the spot where St. Peter was crucified in 67 AD. That’s why this place is one of the pilgrimage points of Christians.
Another important part of the building is the Pietà sculpture made by Michelangelo at the age of 25. Michelanelo has officially given life to marble here. Thin and curved textures create a perfect harmony. Everything from the realistic creases of the clothes demonstrates an incredible ability to observe and the human anatomy in its truest form.
Another feature of this statue is that the Virgin Mary is depicted as a young person for the first time. Michelangelo expressed this as an indication of the virginity and purity of Mary.
In the statue, Jesus was lowered from the cross and his dead body was spread on Mary’s lap. The sculpture is also the only work Michelangelo signed. Actually, it has an interesting story. When Michelangelo completed this sculpture to be exhibited in the church, no one knew him yet. When he went to the place where the statue was, it gave him great happiness that everyone praised the statue.
However, there were various rumors about who did it, and in those years when the intercity competition was at a high level, one group claimed that it was done by a Milanese person, while another group claimed that it was done by a Neapolitan sculptor.
Saddened by this, Michelangelo stated to the church that the statue was not yet completed and asked permission to work, and had the church closed. When he completed his work, he signed the Latin “Michelangelo from Florence Made” on the belt that held Mary’s dress together.
When you travel to Vatican City, you should also know how to get there. There are no means of transportation in the Vatican. At the same time, the Vatican is a very small city and you can explore the city on foot.
Vatican City Cuisine
Your trip to Vatican City continues, if you can’t decide what to eat, then it’s time to talk about what to eat in Vatican City. Vatican’s cuisine originally consists of Italian cuisine. There are several restaurants in the city serving delicious Italian cuisine. The most popular restaurants are Old Bridge, Siciliainbocca and Insalata Ricca. If you wish, you can also choose the restaurant inside the Vatican Museum. However, it would be a more appropriate choice to dine at the restaurants in Rome instead of the ones in the Vatican.
There are countless restaurants in Rome that serve the best flavors of the world-famous Italian cuisine. In the city; There are many options from seafood to risotta, from delicious Italian pizzas to vegans and vegetarians.
Shopping In Vatican City
Wouldn’t you like to beautify your Vatican City trip with shopping? Shopping opportunities in the Vatican consist of postage stamps and souvenirs.
Vatican City Nightlife
Since the Vatican is a religious center, it is not possible to talk about nightlife. In the evening, you can take photos of the structures and places that should be seen in the city. To have fun at night, you should decide the places in Rome. When you travel to Vatican City, do not leave without tasting the nightlife!
Vatican City Public Holidays
- New Year (1 January),
- Epiphany (January 6),
- Easter (March/April),
- Independence Day (25 April),
- Labor Day (May 1),
- Republic Day (2 June),
- S. Pietro E Paolo (29 June, Rome only),
- Assumption (August 15),
- Christian Festival (November 1),
- Immacolata Concezione (8 December),
- Christmas (25 December)
Vatican City Practical Information
- Emergency Assistance: 112 / 118
- Police: 112 / 113
- Fire: 112 / 115
- Phone Code: +379